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Ukraine has provided an opportunity. India and China, two ancient civilisations, can now assist in the conclusion of the war

India china
Ukraine's recent hint of relinquishing its NATO goals may present the best opportunity for dialogue to replace violence.

Every conflict is marred by the collision of political goals and strategic reality. It is possible that it is also driving the current direction of the war in Ukraine. Russia’s professed political goals are increasingly colliding with military reality, influencing decisions about how much force to use, in what manner, and for how long.

What must be evident to Russia’s decision-makers is that they have either misjudged the Ukrainians’ potential for resistance or exaggerated their own military might. It’s possible that it’s a mix of the two. Furthermore, they appear to have overestimated the US and its allies’ ability to work together and take action in terms of military supply and economic sanctions. The direction of the war will be determined by Russia’s miscalculations and the realisation that there are limitations to what force can achieve.

Russia’s demands for Ukraine are on the table, and they have been repeated several times. The major demands are for the country’s constitution to be changed to entrench neutrality, recognition of Crimea as a Russian territory, recognition of the separatist republics of Donetsk and Lugansk as independent states, and an end to Ukraine’s military activity. Russia, on the other hand, has control over the termination of military operations and is linked to territory gains that can subsequently be used in diplomatic negotiations.

In terms of military might, Russia’s territorial gains so far are insufficient to compel Ukraine to comply with all of the Kremlin’s demands. Russia’s decision to suspend its invasion is also linked to the time it will take to endure the economic constraints, its capacity to deal with the load of internal forces in the form of popular unrest, and the help it will receive from countries like China and India.

China backed Russia’s assertions of US-backed biological labs and weapons in Ukraine, and demanded that the Kremlin’s concerns be adequately handled. India, too, took a similar attitude, stating that any issues relating to duties under the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BWTC) should be handled in accordance with the convention’s rules. The US refuted the charges, saying, “There are no US-supported Ukrainian biological weapons laboratories – neither near Russia’s border or anywhere.”

On March 18, 2022, US President Joe Biden held a video conference with China’s Xi Jinping. According to the US release, Biden discussed “the ramifications and repercussions if China gives material support to Russia while it conducts savage attacks against Ukrainian cities and civilians.” “The first objective now is to continue discussion and negotiation, avoid civilian losses, prevent humanitarian crises, and end the conflict as soon as possible,” China said in a statement. The long-term solution is mutual respect among great countries, abandonment of the Cold War mentality, avoidance of camp confrontation, and the gradual construction of a balanced, effective, and durable global and regional security architecture.”

China’s insistence on dumping actions related to “not engaging in camp confrontation” is, in reality, the most serious political issue that has to be handled in Ukraine. It’s a dilemma brought on by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) structural struggle with Russia. The issue’s resolution is essentially about Ukraine’s neutrality, but it’s also about the country’s sovereignty and decision-making independence that it’s meant to have under the international system. It has the freedom to choose whether it wants to preserve a relationship with Russia, NATO, or the European Union (EU).

The Ukraine conflict has devolved into a “bloody stalemate”

Zelensky-interview
According to CNN, Zelensky wishes to speak with Putin.

President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine is making his most vehement appeal yet for peace talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, but Putin, who has so far been unmoved, is responding ruthlessly by expanding atrocities against people. On Sunday, Zelensky told CNN’s Fareed Zakaria that he is available to speak with Putin at any time. His offer came more than three weeks into a fight that looks to have reached a new, more impassed stage on the battlefield. While this is a huge military victory for outgunned Ukraine, it also makes its towns and people much more susceptible to Russian airstrikes.

“It’s a deadlock. But, as ex-CIA Director David Petraeus, a former general who served in Iraq and Afghanistan, stated on CNN’s “State of the Union,” “it’s a terrible stalemate.” “on the following Sunday “It’s also, arguably, a war of attrition.”

Moscow’s forces have dug in around Kyiv, despite growing doubts about their ability to take the capital. Pitched fights are taking place in the south, where the Russians are attempting to gain access to the Black Sea through the cities of Mariupol and Odessa, as well as in the east. Russians are said to have suffered considerable casualties, including the loss of a number of top officials. After their original expectations of a blitzkrieg that might quickly gain control of Ukraine receded, the Kremlin is increasingly resorting to homicidal stand-off barrages from missiles and artillery, including, in an ominous escalation, hypersonic weaponry.

According to local officials, Russian bombs blasted into an arts school in besieged Mariupol on Sunday, killing 400 people who had sought refuge from the conflict. The parameters of a Russian ultimatum that the city surrender by Monday morning were openly rejected by both the Kyiv government and Mariupol local administration. Hundreds of thousands of people are stranded in the city, with horrifying tales of food and water shortages, as well as dire living circumstances. Some experts believe this is a foreshadowing of Kyiv’s impending doom.

The assault on civilians appears to be both a deliberate attempt by Moscow to break Ukraine’s remarkable morale and resistance — and a deliberate attempt by Putin to bomb an independent, sovereign nation, which he claims has no right to exist, to smithereens in order to crush its dreams of joining the West.

Western governments have retaliated by launching anti-tank and anti-air missiles into Ukraine, in what has now become a proxy war with Russia, which would have appeared unthinkable only a few weeks ago. Anxiety is high that the conflict would escalate into a larger battle between the US and Russia, the world’s two most powerful nuclear powers.

This is the difficult position that Joe Biden will face when he travels to Europe this week for the most important trip by a US president in recent years, but with low expectations of a breakthrough in diplomatic efforts to stop the conflict.

Some facts about the probable framework of negotiations aimed at securing a truce are now surfacing ahead of Biden’s arrival. Zelensky wants face-to-face conversations with Putin to iron out the details.

“I’m prepared to negotiate with him. I was ready for the last two years. And I believe that without negotiations, we will be unable to end this conflict “In an exclusive interview with Zakaria, Zelensky revealed.

 

 

As the death toll in Ukraine rises, Zelensky requests that Putin meet with him face to face

putin and zelensky
Yesterday, officials involved in the peace talks delivered their most upbeat appraisal of the tense situation yet.

At a massive flag-waving gathering in Moscow, Russian President Vladimir Putin praised his country’s troops as Russian forces struck Ukrainian cities from afar once more, slamming Kyiv and the country’s west. The conflict has now entered its fourth week. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has again urged Putin to meet with him face to face. In his Friday night video address to the country, Zelenskyy also stated that over 9,000 individuals were allowed to exit besieged Mariupol in the previous day, bringing the total number of people who had been able to flee through humanitarian corridors to over 180,000.

According to the United Nations migration agency, the war has displaced nearly 6.5 million people within Ukraine, on top of the 3.2 million refugees who have already fled. Thousands of people have been slain, according to Ukraine.

On Friday, missiles and mortars hit the outskirts of Kyiv, and a barrage of missiles was launched against an aircraft repair facility near the Polish border outside the western city of Lviv. The Lviv incident claimed the life of one person.

Ukraine claimed to have shot down two of the six missiles fired from the Black Sea. The early morning hit came the closest to the city heart of Lviv, which has become a crossroads for individuals fleeing other parts of Ukraine as well as those arriving to bring supplies or join the fight.

Late Friday, Ukrainian officials said that Mariupol, the besieged southern port city, had lost access to the Azov Sea, which connects to the much bigger Black Sea. In this handout photo published March 18, a warehouse with household items is seen on fire after shelling as Russia’s onslaught on Ukraine continues, in Sumy, Ukraine.

Hospitals, schools, and institutions where people took refuge have been attacked in city after city across Ukraine. According to Ukrainian officials, a fireman was killed when Russian forces blasted an area in the village of Nataevka where firefighters were attempting to put out a wildfire.

According to emergency services, early morning barrages hit a residential building in Kyiv’s Podil area, killing at least one person. The shelling, which occurred just north of central Kyiv, left 19 people injured, according to Kyiv’s mayor.

According to the regional governor, two more individuals were killed when strikes impacted residential and administrative buildings in the eastern city of Kramatorsk. After failing to conquer large cities, Russia is resorting to a “plan of attrition,” according to Britain’s defence intelligence head. The tactic, according to Lt. Gen. Jim Hockenhull, will involve “reckless and indiscriminate use of gunfire,” worsening the humanitarian disaster.

More than 200,000 people attended the march and concert commemorating Russia’s annexation of the Crimean peninsula, which was seized from Ukraine, according to Moscow police. Students and staff of state institutions were ordered to attend demonstrations and performances commemorating the occasion, according to many Telegram channels critical of the Kremlin. Those reports could not be verified independently.

Putin compared domestic war opponents to “gnats” who aim to harm Russia at the request of the West earlier this week. Hundreds of demonstrators have been arrested around the Russian Federation. The Russian government has also continued to obstruct independent news organisations. Arnold Schwarzenegger, in a video greeting to the Russian people, termed all the Russians who have been protesting the invasion of Ukraine “my new heroes.” He claimed that the Kremlin is deceiving Russians about the conflict.

Putin is described by Biden as a “murderous despot” and the Russian ambassador to the United Nations will not seek a vote on the widely panned Ukraine proposal

Joe Biden
He also called Russian President Vladimir Putin a "pure thug" who is "waging an evil war against the Ukrainian people."

On Thursday, Russia’s war in Ukraine reached its fourth week, with civilians being bombed from the air, Moscow’s military offensive stopped on the ground, and little sight of an end to the fight or the humanitarian crisis it has sparked.

Ukraine accused Russian forces of attacking a theatre in besieged Mariupol that was sheltering hundreds of people and looked to have the word “CHILDREN” inscribed outside the structure in giant white letters, according to satellite photographs from the US government-linked technology firm Maxar.

“The building was completely destroyed, but the refuge was spared. It did not devolve into another mass grave “Sergiy Kyslytsya, Ukraine’s UN envoy, made the announcement on Thursday. Also on Thursday, the US announced the death of an American citizen in Ukraine. Jim Hill of Idaho was killed in Chernihiv, according to a Minnesota relative.

Russia’s bombardment of its democratic neighbour has already displaced over 3 million people and sparked an outpouring of international condemnation. On Wednesday, President Joe Biden called Russian President Vladimir Putin a “war criminal” and backed up his words with a pledge of further military aid to Kyiv, after the Ukrainian leader pleaded with the US and its allies to do more to assist his country defend itself against the Russian assault.

Russia’s U.N. ambassador says he will not seek a vote on the country’s resolution on the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine on Friday. The resolution has been heavily criticised by Western countries for failing to address Russia’s role in the conflict with its smaller neighbour.

Vassily Nebenzia informed the United Nations Security Council on Thursday that Russia has chosen not to seek a vote at this time due to pressure from the US and Albania on U.N. members to vote against it, but that Moscow is not abandoning the resolution.

Nebenzia stated that Russia intends to hold a council meeting on Friday to revisit its allegations of US “biological laboratories” in Ukraine, citing new documents. His first accusation was made without evidence and was repeatedly refuted by US and Ukrainian officials.

“Their ridiculous humanitarian resolution… was doomed to fail,” said US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield in response to Nebenzia’s announcement. “We know that if Russia truly cared about humanitarian catastrophes, such as the one it has caused, it would stop attacking the people of Ukraine,” she said. “Instead, they want to convene another Security Council meeting in order to use this body as a platform for deception and propaganda.”

Mila Kunis and Ashton Kutcher have raised $40 million to support Ukraine’s refugees in a fundraising

Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis raise $40 million in fundraising drive

Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis raised $40 million (about $40.6 million) for Ukrainian refugees in “war-torn HomeLand”.

The pair achieved this milestone barely two weeks after launching an initiative to provide assistance and humanitarian aid to the region in the wake of Russian assaults.

“We are overwhelmed with gratitude for your support,” Kunis said in a thank you video to fans posted on Instagram. “Two weeks ago we asked you to join us and more than 65,000 of you stepped up and donated what you could. Now, with your help we have reached our $30 million goal.”

“While this is far from a solution for the problem, our collective effort will provide a softer landing for so many people as they forge ahead into their future of uncertainty,” Kunis, who was born in Ukraine, added.

Despite the couple’s huge effort and the generosity of the public, Kutcher, 44, and Kunis, 38, claim their work is far from complete.

“Our work is not done. We will do everything we can to ensure that the outpouring of love that came as a part of this campaign finds maximum impact with those in Kutcher explained that funds will continue to be sent to Flexport.org and Airbnb.org, which have been supporting the effort since the beginning, giving help and accommodation to individuals affected by the conflict.

“As funding continues to come in we will treat every dollar as if it were being donated from our pocket, with respect and honor for the work that went into earning it, the intent of love through which it was given, and the desire for it to be maximized for positive outcomes for others,” The actor stated.

Kunis added: “‘We again want to say thank you so much for your continued support. Please don’t stop donating whether to us or other unbelievable foundations out there. This is just a beginning to a very, very very long journey. Thank you.”

Gas prices in the United States are falling as oil prices fall below $100 per barrel

Gas prices hit records
According to economists, Americans can expect some relief from record-high gas costs when oil prices fall below $100 per barrel.

According to economists, Americans can expect some relief from record-high gas costs when oil prices fall below $100 per barrel.

The U.S. crude benchmark sank 6% to $96.84 on Tuesday, from nearly $130 last week – its highest level since 2008. According to investment firm UBS, oil prices are falling as Russian and Ukrainian leaders apparently negotiate a possible truce.

“The rise reflects reducing expectations of future supply interruptions as a result of Russia-Ukraine peace talks,” UBS analysts wrote in a report. “There were also indications that, while European energy corporations continue to avoid Russian oil, India has purchased discounted Russian crude, potentially lessening the impact of import bans in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada on world supplies.”

According to Patrick De Haan, head of petroleum analysis at GasBuddy, gas prices are now falling modestly in a few U.S. cities, and the decline should soon be seen at additional service stations around the country.

According to GasBuddy, this would be a huge drop from the average of $4.32 per gallon Americans have been paying for the past two weeks, up 84 cents from only a month ago. According to AAA, other states, such as Alaska and California, are paying average costs of $4.73 and $5.75, respectively. The higher prices have put even more burden on American households’ wallets, who are already dealing with growing inflation.

Oil prices, for the most part, follow gas prices – as oil prices rise, so do gas prices.

In a statement released Monday, AAA spokesman Andrew Gross stated, “It bears repeating that the cost of oil accounts for nearly 50% of what drivers pay at the pump.” “This war is upsetting an already tight global oil market, making it difficult to tell whether we are approaching a peak in pump prices or if they will continue to rise. Everything hinges on the path of oil prices.”

As the COVID-19 pandemic spread, gas prices plummeted to an average of $1.94 per gallon in April 2020. However, as the US economy recovered and demand increased, fuel prices began to rise dramatically in the fall of that year. Gas had risen to $3.40 by December 2021, while the most severe inflation in four decades had driven up the cost of everything from groceries to rent.

Oil and gas prices have continued to rise this year, after Russia’s massing of soldiers on the Ukraine border. After Russia started a significant invasion on February 24 amid fears that the battle would disrupt global crude supplies and provoke economic penalties, prices skyrocketed.

Last week, prices rose even higher as the United States put a ban on Russian oil imports. Russia is a major crude oil exporter, accounting for roughly 12% of global supplies. Any disruption to such exports will almost certainly raise gas costs for customers everywhere.

Despite the agony at the pump, according to a recent CBS News poll, 63 percent of Americans support the Biden administration’s sanctions on Russia, including the restriction on Russian oil, even if it means higher gas prices.

According to the CDC, the Omicron BA.2 sub-variant currently accounts for approximately a quarter of new COVID cases in the United States

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the BA.2 sub-lineage of the Omicron variety now accounts for over a quarter of new COVID-19 infections in the United States, up from about one out of every ten new cases just a week ago.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the BA.2 sub-lineage of the Omicron variety now accounts for over a quarter of new COVID-19 infections in the United States, up from about one out of every ten new cases just a week ago. Omicron has accounted for nearly all new infections in the United States since January. The majority of cases in the United States, like in many other nations, were caused by a sub-lineage of Omicron known as BA.1. However, while both BA.1 and BA.2 may be found in some of the oldest Omicron samples, BA.2 has only lately begun to gain popularity.

According to the CDC’s “Nowcast” estimates released Tuesday, BA.2 prevalence is highest in the Northeast. The CDC estimates that 39.0 percent of circulating viruses in the New York and New Jersey region are BA.2. BA.2 is found in 38.6% of people in New England.

The new figures come as the sub-lineage has prompted worries in other countries, as it has risen to dominate cases reported worldwide — including in countries that are now experiencing a new wave of illnesses just as they were removing many of their pandemic restrictions.

Authorities in China have tried to reimpose stringent lockdowns in many cities to combat BA.2 outbreaks. However, the rise in BA.2 prevalence in the United States coincides with a statewide reduction in the number of new COVID-19 hospitalizations and cases, according to the CDC.

Even in the areas with the largest number of BA.2 cases, those trends tend to hold true, while early-warning data acquired by the EPA from wastewater samples suggests that certain towns may soon witness an increase.

“Although the proportion of infections with BA.2 is increasing in the United States, COVID-19 cases are now declining, so it is likely that absolute numbers of BA.2 infections are not increasing as quickly as they might appear from just looking at the proportion that is BA.2,” said Dr. Deborah Dowell, the CDC’s chief medical officer for the agency’s COVID-19 response over the weekend.

Dowell noted that a crucial distinction between BA.1 and BA.2 has enabled some researchers to “easily distinguish these sub-lineages” during a webinar presented by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

BA.1’s mutations caused an error in some COVID-19 testing, similar to the Alpha variation, which appeared in 2020. This “S-gene target failure,” which was not present in most Delta variant instances, aided authorities in immediately distinguishing Omicron cases and estimating the rate of Omicron’s first ascent.

Because BA.2 does not produce the same failure, it has been dubbed a “stealth version” by some. However, once BA.1 achieved nearly 100% new infections earlier this year, the same distinction is assisting researchers in quickly analysing BA.2’s increase.

“Although BA.2 appears to be increasing as a proportion of sub-lineages in the United States, it is not rising at the same rate as it has in other countries. In the United States, the doubling time appears to be slowing down “Dowell stated. In the United Kingdom, health authorities recently determined that BA.2 was now the majority of new infections in most parts of the country, based on S-gene target failure.

“The conjecture I’ve read is that it may extend the downward curve of Omicron case rates, but it’s unlikely to generate another surge like we saw initially with Omicron,” Dowell added later.

China’s new Covid lockdowns are another another economic threat

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Even as many other countries realise it's time to learn to live with the virus, the world's second-largest economy is pressing ahead with its "zero-Covid" plan.

The global economy is being roiled by Russia’s war in Ukraine, as authorities scramble to bring soaring inflation under control. However, China’s response to the country’s greatest Covid-19 outbreak in two years serves as a warning that the conflict isn’t the only threat to the recovery. Even as many other countries realise it’s time to learn to live with the virus, the world’s second-largest economy is pressing ahead with its “zero-Covid” plan.

Shenzhen, a major electronics hub, has been placed on lockdown for a week after 66 positive cases were reported on Saturday. Except for those considered essential, all firms have suspended operations or instituted work-from-home policies. Following an increase in cases, Shanghai, China’s main economic centre, has taken tight precautions, including halting schools and movie theatres and banning travel into the city.

One of Apple’s largest suppliers, Foxconn, has halted operations in Shenzhen, where it operates two main campuses. The date factory work will resume will be “recommended by the local government,” it announced Monday. The Taiwanese firm claimed it has relocated manufacturing to other locations to “minimise the possible impact” of the outage, but didn’t say which ones would take on extra work.

Uncertainty surrounding Foxconn’s production is one indicator of how China’s response to the increase in coronavirus infections will have a global impact. On Sunday, there were 2,125 local cases in 58 locations around the country. Lockdowns in China could drive up container shipping rates, which are already at an all-time high, and disrupt global supply chains that are currently dealing with pandemic-related delays.

“If a case is discovered in the Yantian port [in Shenzhen], the port might be closed for at least two weeks,” ING economists warned investors on Monday. “This will have an impact on electronic parts and commodities exports and imports.”

This could exacerbate inflation. A new wave of Covid limitations could have an impact on domestic spending, which is a key driver of the country’s GDP.

“This is without a doubt China’s worst viral scenario since the Wuhan shutdown,” Commerzbank economists Hao Zhou and Bernd Weidensteiner warned on Monday. China’s growth projection for this year was already the lowest in three decades, at around 5.5 percent. In 2021, the country’s economy grew by 8.1 percent, although the rate of expansion slowed dramatically in the closing months of the year.

As sanctions bite and Western corporations flee Russia, it’s the end of an era

russia-western-brands
On March 4, 2022, in the Russian capital, shoppers walk by a closed H&M store in a shopping mall in Vegas.

Thousands of Russians queued at Moscow’s crowded Pushkin Square on January 31, 1990, to enter the country’s first-ever McDonald’s. It was a watershed moment in the country’s culture. The Iron Curtain, which had been separating Eastern and Western Europe for decades, had just recently come down. Big Macs could now be served to Russian consumers by the fast-food business favoured by Americans and many others.

McDonald’s has nearly 850 locations around the country after 32 years. However, it was announced on Tuesday that their doors will be closing. McDonald’s, like many other major Western corporations such as IKEA, H&M, Coca-Cola, and Starbucks, has opted to halt business in Russia in response to Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine. PepsiCo has also announced that some of its goods, including as Pepsi Cola and 7-Up, will no longer be sold in the country.

Of course, Russians have the option of eating and shopping elsewhere; since the collapse of the Soviet Union, several domestic chains have sprouted across the huge country. However, these worldwide firms’ decision to stop doing business in Russia, which came after many rounds of harsh Western sanctions and widespread public pressure on moral grounds, still marks the end of an era.

“Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and McDonald’s were emblems of Russia’s westernisation and opening to the rest of the globe. And the fact that these enterprises are departing… indicates and emphasises the amount to which Russia is closing in on itself “Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, a Russian politics professor at King’s College London’s Russia Institute, agreed.

The first McDonald’s on Pushkin Square, known to Russians as Pushkinskaya Square, had 700 seats and was the company’s largest store anywhere in the globe for many years. McDonald’s was seen by young middle-class Russians growing up in the 1990s as a hip and alluringly foreign place to celebrate memorable birthdays with pals.

As the twenty-first century progressed, the chain became a less potent icon of American culture, but it remained a popular hangout for Russian college students looking for cheap lunches or dates, as well as a quick and inexpensive dining alternative for others. Tens of thousands of Russians were employed as a result of its branches.

All of that is no longer the case, at least for the time being. “Our values mean we can’t ignore the needless human suffering unfolding in Ukraine,” McDonald’s CEO Chris Kempczinski wrote in a statement to employees on Tuesday, announcing the company’s decision to suspend operations in the country. He went on to say that it was “difficult to predict” when the company’s restaurants would reopen. McDonald’s has yet to respond to CNN’s request for confirmation of the final closing date for its restaurants.

“How long it takes Russia to go through the difficult, dark, toxic authoritarian-slash-totalitarian dictatorial period will depend on how long it takes Russia to go through the difficult, dark, toxic authoritarian-slash-totalitarian dictatorial period.” “We’re also fairly clear that changing our ways will take a lot of effort — social, political, economic, and leadership effort.”

 

GOLD MEDALIST FOR THE FOURTH TIME JOSH PAULS OFFERS CONSISTENT LEADERSHIP

Pauls_Josh
On March 13, 2022 in Beijing, Josh Pauls (C) celebrates with his teammates Jen Lee, Jack Wallace, and Noah Grove after defeating Team Canada in the gold medal match at the Paralympic Winter Games Beijing 2022.

BEIJING  — With Team USA’s 5-0 triumph over Canada at the National Indoor Stadium on Sunday, U.S. captain Josh Pauls became the first sled hockey player to win four career Paralympic gold medals at the age of 29. The defenseman’s career spanned 14 seasons and four Paralympic Winter Games, with gold medal celebrations at centre ice at each.

Pauls concluded the Paralympic Winter Games Beijing 2022 with nine points, tying with teammate Jack Wallace for the most by a defenseman, and took over the lead for most Paralympic games played by an American in the team’s second preliminary-round game against South Korea. Pauls has appeared in 18 games, breaking Joe Howard’s previous high of 16 games.

“They say it’s lonely at the top,” Pauls added, “so I’m delighted I’ve got my brothers with me.” “It’s fantastic, especially considering how this team has fought and evolved over the last four years.” It’s difficult to put into words what it’s like to have spent most of your career with these individuals.”

Pauls was born without tibia bones and had both legs amputated at the age of ten months while growing up in New Jersey. He aspired to be the first NHL goaltender to be born without legs. He joined the local New York Rangers sled hockey club in 2002 after a few years and some persuasion from his parents. He went to Lindenwood University in St. Louis, where he played for the Disabled Athletes Sports Association’s Blues for many years.

He has come a long way since his Paralympic debut at the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver, where he was the youngest member of the United States’ gold-winning team at the age of 17. He’s now a four-time Paralympic and five-time world champion, as well as an account executive in finance.

He’s evolved into a selfless leader off the ice, constantly looking at the larger picture in life, keeping things light in the locker room, and encouraging his teammates to join him for media interviews so they can share the spotlight.

“Not just on a hockey level, but on a human level, we care so much about each other,” Pauls said. “It’s about falling in love with the guy next to you.” For example, I know Declan (Farmer) has my best interests at heart, and I have his. To be honest, we’ve never had a tighter team in any of the Paralympics I’ve attended. Our coaches and captains declared right away during our medal ceremony, “We’re not putting these medals on ourselves; we’re putting these on the folks next to us.”

Farmer, the 24-year-old alternative captain, echoed same sentiments and lauded Pauls’ leadership during the previous Paralympic season.

Farmer described Josh as a “excellent communicator.” “He’s been our captain since the PyeongChang Olympics, and he’s just become better as a leader each year.” He always says the correct things at the right time and also leads by example. He has the ability to delegate to others and is the ideal leader.”

Josh is a “great communicator,” according to Farmer. “He’s been our captain since the PyeongChang Olympics, and he’s only gotten better as a leader each year,” she says. “He always says the right things at the right moment, and he also leads by example.” He is the ideal leader since he can delegate to others.”

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